Treatment for Depression in Adults
What Does Depression In Adults Look Like?
Do you feel alone and isolated? Is your energy low, even after a good night’s rest? Have you experienced a loss of meaning or purpose in your life? Do you find yourself feeling uninterested in and unmotivated to do the activities you typically enjoy?
These are some classic examples of what depression can be like in adulthood. All of the stress of being an adult can add up quickly, as adulthood represents one of the busiest and most emotionally demanding phases of life. Raising children, caring for aging parents, paying bills, attending college, finding steady employment. As these stressors add up, many healthy adults may feel overwhelmed, anxious or depressed.
Depression is one of the most common mental health concerns in adulthood, as well as one of the most common reasons for unemployment. Approximately 10% of adults in the U.S. suffer from depressive symptoms each year (Compton, Conway, Stinson, & Grant, 2006; CDC, 2010).
Symptoms of depression might include (DSM-5):
- Loss of pleasure / enjoyment
- Feeling down or sad
- Sleep or appetite changes
- Thoughts of suicide or death*
* If you or a loved one is experiencing thoughts of suicide, contact the suicide hotline immediately (1-800-273-8255), or call 911.
Depression is a highly debilitating illness that can impact the ability to function with our work, school, and relationships. Left untreated, symptoms of depression can be disruptive and harmful, which is why untreated depression is one of the largest reasons for disability in the U.S. (CDC, 2010).
Do not let depression rule your life. If you or someone you know struggles with depression, there is hope. Schedule your first meeting with me today to get the help you need.
Treatment for Depression in Adulthood
Clinical psychologists take a careful and direct approach to helping adults overcome depression. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been found to be one of the most effective treatment options for depression (Barth et al, 2013; Beard et al, 2016). Medication can also be helpful (Cuijpers et al, 2013); however, the first and safest treatment option is psychotherapy.
In treating depressive disorders, my process begins with a thorough intake interview and diagnosis. Based on the diagnosis and the goals you have for improving your life, I design an evidence-based treatment plan with a focus in symptom reduction.
Therapy can help adults with depression:
- Increase motivation and energy
- Decrease avoidance or “numbing” behaviors
- Tactics for coping with depressive symptoms
- Increase tolerance and management of negative feelings
- Regulate emotions and self-soothe
- Manage suicidal thoughts
- Improve daily functioning
As depression impacts the ability to be active and seek help, reaching out may feel daunting. Take a step towards regaining control of your life, and schedule your first session today.
Interested? Let’s Connect!
If you are interested in therapy services, please contact me as soon as possible. I would love to hear from you and answer any questions you may have about my practice.
It is never too late to receive treatment. Together, we make a difference in your life.
Read About Dr. Montgomery
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I help people and their families in the Newport Beach area, but I also work with folks from Irvine, Newport Beach, Costa Mesa, Laguna Beach, Rancho Santa Margarita, Aliso Viejo, Laguna Hills, Mission Viejo, Anaheim, Orange, Tustin, Huntington Beach, Seal Beach, Dana Point, Fountain Valley and more.
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Barth, J., Munder, T., Gerger, H., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Znoj, H., ... & Cuijpers, P. (2013). Comparative efficacy of seven psychotherapeutic interventions for patients with depression: a network meta-analysis. PLoS medicine, 10(5), e1001454.
Beard, C., Stein, A. T., Hearon, B. A., Lee, J., Hsu, K. J., & Björgvinsson, T. (2016). Predictors of depression treatment response in an intensive CBT partial hospital. Journal of clinical psychology, 72(4), 297-310.
Carter, J. D., McIntosh, V. V., Jordan, J., Porter, R. J., Frampton, C. M., & Joyce, P. R. (2013). Psychotherapy for depression: a randomized clinical trial comparing schema therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. Journal of affective disorders, 151(2), 500-505.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC. (2010). Current depression among adults-United States, 2006 and 2008. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 59(38), 1229.
Compton, W. M., Conway, K. P., Stinson, F. S., & Grant, B. F. (2006). Changes in the prevalence of major depression and comorbid substance use disorders in the United States between 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(12), 2141-2147.
Cuijpers, P., Sijbrandij, M., Koole, S. L., Andersson, G., Beekman, A. T., & Reynolds, C. F. (2013). The efficacy of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in treating depressive and anxiety disorders: A meta‐analysis of direct comparisons. World Psychiatry, 12(2), 137-148.
Honyashiki, M., Furukawa, T. A., Noma, H., Tanaka, S., Chen, P., Ichikawa, K., ... & Caldwell, D. M. (2014). Specificity of CBT for depression: A contribution from multiple treatments meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and research, 38(3), 249-260.
Pehrson, A. L., Leiser, S. C., Gulinello, M., Dale, E., Li, Y., Waller, J. A., & Sanchez, C. (2015). Treatment of cognitive dysfunction in major depressive disorder—a review of the preclinical evidence for efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and the multimodal-acting antidepressant vortioxetine. European journal of pharmacology, 753, 19-31.
Steel, Z., Marnane, C., Iranpour, C., Chey, T., Jackson, J. W., Patel, V., & Silove, D. (2014). The global prevalence of common mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis 1980–2013. International journal of epidemiology, 43(2), 476-493.
van Beljouw, I. M., Verhaak, P. F., Cuijpers, P., van Marwijk, H. W., & Penninx, B. W. (2010). The course of untreated anxiety and depression, and determinants of poor one-year outcome: a one-year cohort study. BMC psychiatry, 10(1), 86.
Warwick, H., Reardon, T., Cooper, P., Murayama, K., Reynolds, S., Wilson, C., & Creswell, C. (2017). Complete recovery from anxiety disorders following Cognitive Behavior Therapy in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Clinical psychology review, 52, 77-91.
Yelin, E., Mathias, S. D., Buesching, D. P., Rowland, C., Calucin, R. Q., & Fifer, S. (1996). The impact on employment of an intervention to increase recognition of previously untreated anxiety among primary care physicians. Social Science & Medicine, 42(7), 1069-1075.